There are many common techniques and ideas that can be applied in growing plants indoors, particularly marijuana plants. How are marijuana buds produced and consumed? There are different growing techniques that can be adapted to fully achieve a healthy marijuana plant and be able to enjoy the benefits of these techniques.
There are also several factors that should be carefully considered to achieve your goal, of producing marketable marijuana plants. Familiarizing yourself with the different stages of development of a marijuana plant is crucial in succeeding in this industry. It is very vital to have ample knowledge about everything there is to know in planting and growing marijuana plants.
The Three Methods of Growing Marijuana – Indoors, Outdoors or Greenhouse Growing
One of the primary steps you have to make is choosing which of the three marijuana growing methods would you like to adopt. Before you decide on this aspect you must first look into the advantages of both indoors and outdoors marijuana plant cultivation. Whichever you choose from the three methods, a big part of your success will depend on the kind of weather you have at your location. Aside from this, the stand of your local government, in terms of marijuana legality is also another important consideration. Most of the countries have the same thought about owning and growing marijuana plants. The focus of this article will be about growing marijuana indoors, allowing you to avoid any legal consequences.
The best marijuana crops come from the best marijuana seeds. Feel free to look through our seed shop if you still do not have the seeds you need. You can find that there is a wide variety of marijuana seeds that you can enjoy growing. Pay close notice to the duration it will take for your plants to grow and flourish.
The first thing to do before everything else is to ensure that your house is ready for your grow set up. You need to be certain that the growing room will not leak out any light or smell. You would not want any needless attention.
Keep in mind the following to make an ideal growing place:
Carbon filters will help diminish the scents while the fan will allow fresh and free-flowing air to your marijuana plants. The room should be light proof and must not allow any light to leak. A black and thick plastic sheet is a good solution to any issue regarding the leaking of any light. It is good to invest in this black plastic sheet because they are reusable. It will help you save a lot of money. Marijuana plants are known to require as much light as they can. You can maximize the utilization of the black sheeting by lining it with white plastic. Then paint the growing location with the color white or you can put up an aluminum foil, allowing the light to bounce back toward your marijuana plants.
Which one will you choose, Seeds or Clones?
One marijuana plant can be utilized to clone a new and smaller marijuana plant. Cloning can be done with the use of the cuttings that are taken directly from the female marijuana plant. It would be better to pick the mother plant with good resilience, good yield, and strength so that the clone will offer the same benefits. Other marijuana growers consider cloning as a challenging task and are often unsuccessful in reproducing the same outcome. These marijuana growers will have to choose to use seeds instead of clones. You should choose a seed bank that is in a rock-solid reputation.
How to grow marijuana plants with the use of seeds?
You can start by using twice as many seeds as there will be room for them. This is because not all of these seeds will turn into females. You have to anticipate that half of it might turn out to be male. The aim is to keep strong female marijuana plants.
For you to germinate marijuana seeds you should place the marijuana seeds in the middle of damp sheets of paper towels; however, you have the option to put them directly to your growing medium. Both of the methods will take a few days before the germination process starts. Keeping the seeds, wrap in plastic, wet and covered will make the process faster.
Just when you find that the seeds are starting to pop out, place the new seedlings under a light source. The distance of the seedlings from the light source should be at 4 to 8 inches or 10 to 20 centimeters. Feel free to adjust the distance when the plants begin to grow. This will take about 18 to 24 hours of light exposure every day. In about two weeks, the seeds will turn into seedlings. This is of course dependent on the variety you have chosen.
As soon as your marijuana plants reach the height of 3 to 4 inches or 7.5 to 10 cm, you can now allow the soil to dry up before watering the plants. This will allow time for root growth. New marijuana growers tend to overwater their crops, you must avoid doing the same mistake.
How to grow and flower your marijuana plants?
The flowering and crop growth is dependent on the amount of light you provide your marijuana plants. This is the same in all the other plants. The lighting will usually determine the genetics of the marijuana plant. With nature as our reference, the latter part of the growing season will require a little less light exposure to marijuana plants. This is a signal for the internal genetics of the marijuana plant to produce flowers by releasing the hormone known as photochromic. Phytochromes are photoreceptors of the plants. This is a pigment that the plants have in detecting light. This enables the marijuana plants to concentrate on flowering. So the point of controlling the light exposure of your marijuana plants is trying to imitate how the plants use phytochrome.
Choosing between growth lights or lamps
If your goal in marijuana growing is to produce more yields, then supplying the marijuana plants with a tremendous amount of required light is your intervention. In growing marijuana seedlings, you only need one fluorescent bulb. However, for flowering, a 400-watt light bulb for every four plants will do. The stronger light source you provide the better yields you can get from your marijuana plants.
Some professional growers make use of 600-watt sodium light bulbs. This lighting system combined with an entire room painted in white can provide a better light-reflecting effect for marijuana plants. Make sure that the power outlets in your grow room can hold the needed draw.
Checking the outlets is one of the safety precautions that you need to include in preparing your grow room. You must check if the outlets can handle all the appliances you will use in your grow room. To check this, plug in the washing machine, the vacuum, and turn on the lights. If you use the 600-watt light bulb, it will draw 6 amps and 110 volts. If for instance you begin to use these 600 watts and it caused trouble within the wires, your insurance company will not pay for any repair costs because growing marijuana is illegal.
Incandescent light bulbs are not an option because of its inefficiencies. Marijuana growers will go by using fluorescent bulbs because of the price and their availability. 25 watts of fluorescent is what you want to put in each square foot or 30 square cm of your growing space. It will be helpful to get as many various shades of white to imitate the sunlight.
Metal Halide bulbs or MH bulbs are now popular with growers because these lights deliver white and bright lights. You will yield greener and stronger plants as compared to plants exposed to fluorescent lights. The use of sodium lamps gives off an orange to bright yellow light such as that of a streetlight. This kind of light is used by a lot of growers during the flowering stage.
Which is better, soil or hydroponics?
If you are the kind of person who doesn’t mind getting dirty, then the soil will work for you. If you use soil, it will add flavor to your harvest. However, the hydroponic system is less dirty to work with as compared to soil. With the hydroponic system, you cannot afford to make a single mistake, as it can cost the life of your entire crop. There is also an issue with the taste when marijuana plants are grown hydroponically, but most experienced growers can work their way around this issue. Another disadvantage of the hydroponics system is that you will not be able to move the entire system if you need to. A lot of marijuana growers who used the hydroponics system overlooked this aspect and got caught due to the leak and the attention it draws.
Plant nutrients and fertilizers
Marijuana plants need 14 basic chemicals for vigorous growth. Three out of the 14 are called macronutrients. These are:
All marijuana plants need a huge quantity of the said macronutrients. These can be found in fertilizers and is listed as NPK in fertilizer packages
Secondary nutrients are considered the second most plentiful. These are as follows:
The third kind of chemicals is micronutrients, which are:
The macronutrients are the ones that you can commonly see in fertilizer package because only a small amount of other nutrients are needed for growing marijuana.
You will also need a nitrogen-heavy fertilizer like the 20/10/10 combination if you are focused on the growth. However, if you are focused on the flowering of the marijuana plants, you will want to use the phosphorus-heavy fertilizer such as the 5/20/10 combination. Remember not to over-fertilize your marijuana plants because the entire crop can be ruined by too many nutrients.
A common sign that you have administered too much fertilizer is when the marijuana leaves curl. Natural products are required if your goal is to smoke the harvest. Make sure that you purchase a fertilizer that is specified for marijuana plants and not for a tomato plant. Manure is known to be the best of the kind of organic fertilizer. Fish emulsions are to be avoided unless you are equipped with an air filtration system.
Choosing between Pots or Growing containers
It is important to know how much marijuana roots you need when you combine the growing medium. Make sure that there is perlite or sand in the combination. This will help give oxygen and hold more water to avoid dehydration. The pots should be large enough to hold your marijuana plants even when they become large. Large marijuana plants have big root balls. The pots or containers should have little holes near the bottom part for drainage. Too much water is harmful to the roots and can kill your plants. The use of clay pots is not recommended because they tend to hyper evaporate.
The right pH levels
It doesn’t matter what kind of pH meter you use as long as it provides an accurate reading. You can measure the pH level with the use of disposable paper strips or the electronic pH meter which you can use over and over again. Any of these meters can show you if the soil and the water are acidic, which is zero or if it is base-which is at 14. The reading of 7 will tell you that the pH level is balanced.
The electronic meter is a good investment for your marijuana business. It will help save you money from using paper strips. The simple insertion of the probe into your soil will get you reading. It is more effective than using the paper strips where you have to wait for a reading.
If your solution is high in alkaline or is too base, you can make adjustments by using vinegar, nitric acid, sulphuric acid, or vitamin C. However, if your solution becomes acidic, you can use lime, bicarbonate soda or wood ashes. This will establish balanced pH levels. Just a few drops will help regulate the pH levels. Avoid chemical burns to both the marijuana plants and yourself.
The Right Temperature
The key to a strong marijuana crop is stability. Although the marijuana plant can survive extreme temperatures, the growth or the flowering process in marijuana plants tends to slow down. The right temperature should be at 68 degrees Fahrenheit or 20 degrees Celsius. This temperature is ideal for growth.
If your temperature is below 57 degrees Fahrenheit, the plant growth will discontinue. Aside from affecting the growth, fungi and insects will be quite an issue here if the temperature is increased at 75 degrees Fahrenheit or 24 degrees Celsius. The grow room will be warm if you use 600 watts or even higher light bulbs. This is evident during summertime and will require you to use a fan in your grow room.
During the wintertime, you will need a heater instead of a fan, especially if the lights are turned off at night time. When using fans, you should make sure they blow lightly on your marijuana plants so it will not cause any stress to them. Stress in marijuana plants will cause them to have thick stems and lose the goal of better growth or flowering.
The Right Humidity
Humidity should be at about 50% in your grow room and this must be maintained at all times. Avoid humidity that is at high levels because this will be conducive to pests and other plant diseases.
Trimming Your Marijuana Plants
The perfect time to cut or trim your marijuana plants is when you notice that they have reached a few centimeters or inches high and that they have about three sets of leaves. The top two leaves should be cut which will allow the marijuana plant to split into two more branches. The cutting down of the leaves will make your plants bushier especially if repeated. If you do this correctly, then your yield will be boosted. But if done incorrectly, the plants will be harmed.
The Flowering Stage
If the desired height for your marijuana plants has been attained, then it is time to shift the light cycle to 12 hours of bright light exposure and then another 12 hours in darkness. This shifting of light exposure will stimulate the flowering stage in your marijuana plants, which brings you one step near the harvest time! If you noticed that the little hair on the buds of the marijuana plants has turned 75% brown, orange, or red, then it is time to harvest them!
It’s finally Harvest time!
Remove any sort of pointed leaves that sticks out of the marijuana buds. These are the ones that make the flavor either harsh or sharp which will hurt the throat as you smoke it. After removing the unwanted portions of the marijuana plants, all is left are the good ones. Hang the marijuana plants in an inverted way while still supplying good protection as well as proper ventilation so that nothing can infest the plants like pests or rodents.
Rodents are fond of munching on marijuana plants as well as the seeds so keep a close watch on them. The curing process will go smoothly by following the lead of your plants. This will avoid you getting any sharp flavored harvested crops. A heavenly smoke is what you desire as an output. Heaters should not be used during this time because it will be harmful to your plants!