MARIJUANA GROW GUIDE
Growing marijuana outdoors can be both rewarding and fun, provided that you follow all the necessary instructions on how you can properly grow marijuana plants. One of the major factors that you have to consider in growing marijuana outdoors is your location. A good location does not mean that you have to be in a hot and sunny place to grow your marijuana plants. Several other factors must coincide with your target location in order to ensure your success in growing marijuana plants outdoors.
The primary step that you must comply with is acquiring good and high-quality seeds. Growing marijuana plants require constant monitoring as it develops into the different stages of growth. Closely monitoring your plants will allow you to easily identify problems at an early stage or even prevent them from taking place. Each growth stage has its own specific requirements and how to's that you must follow in order to keep moving forward until its harvest time.
This is a guide on how to grow marijuana outdoors. There are various steps that you need to follow in growing marijuana plants outdoors. Familiarizing yourself with these steps and properly implementing them can help guarantee a pleasant and rewarding marijuana growing experience.
Finding the right location for your marijuana plant
The initial step to get started is to determine the right spot to grow your marijuana plants. The spot or location should be safe from humans and destructive animals, so your marijuana crops can grow and mature without any unnecessary interruption. Places like the railroad track, power line, a trail, a road, or anything classified as man-made structures are considered unsuitable.
Marijuana plants require a lot of sunlight as all the other special plants do. Ideally, marijuana plants should be exposed to sunlight for 3 to 5 hours every day. The more sunlight they have, the faster they will grow. Getting less than 3 hours of sunlight per day can stunt the growth of your marijuana plant, resulting in slow development and lesser yield during harvest time.
A simple trick that can help resolve the issue of reducing your plants’ sunlight exposure is to integrate a tenting system, which can be mounted on the outer part of the marijuana plants. This will help manipulate the direction of the sunlight, allowing it to reflect back toward the marijuana leaves. Marijuana plants react best to morning light, so make sure to design your tenting system with this in mind.
Aside from lighting, another factor to be taken into account in choosing the best location is the type of soil. Marijuana plants need a good drainage system and a consistent pH level of 6.5. Good soil should be compact when you squeeze it and will break up when you poke it. The soil should be capable of draining efficiently when exposed to additives. If for instance, the soil does not drain right, what you can do is add in vermiculite, sand, or perlite. These elements will help facilitate the balancing of the soil’s pH level. If the pH level is low, simply add lime in the soil a month prior to planting the marijuana. Now, if it becomes too high, put some sodium bicarbonate to the soil.
Minding the pH levels will give you a higher chance of successfully growing marijuana plants.
The amount of water your marijuana plants are getting can greatly influence their health condition. Just like any other plant, water is essential for growing marijuana plants. However, you have to be mindful of the amount of water you're giving your plants. Did you know that too much water could cause the roots of your marijuana plants to become underdeveloped? At worst, water can drown your marijuana seeds and cause them to die. Inadequate amounts of water on the other hand can cause your marijuana plants to dry out faster than they'll be all gone before you can even reach the harvest season. This is why you have to ensure that your marijuana plant is getting the right amount of water. With the right amount of water and the right type of soil, your marijuana plants' need for oxygen can easily increase, making them better plants until the harvest time.
If there is no land-soil to plant on, using pots for (marijuana) plants will also work. Place an inch or 2.5 cm sheet of pea grave in your marijuana pots in order to enhance the necessary drainage of the stem. Using a high-quality pot, place the soil above the pea gravel. Always use fresh and clean water on your marijuana plants. If there is no available water source in the immediate area, you may use a barrel or bucket. Place the barrel where it can easily accumulate rainwater, which you can utilize for your marijuana plants. If there is a need for you to bring the water to your plants, make sure to do this during the night and then water the plants in the morning. This way you can avoid attention from curious neighbors. Watering your plants in the morning protects them from the negative effects of being damp and the chances of developing molds or fungus.
Choosing quality marijuana seeds that are just right
Marijuana plants come in different varieties, each of which have been around for a thousand years and have been known for their own unique characteristics. The most popular variety among marijuana growers is the Sativa plant from the southern parts of the globe. Growers of this seed have to pay close attention when the first frost will be and have to make sure to harvest before that time.
Finding the right marijuana seed for your needs can depend on numerous factors. It will be up to you which of these factors is your priority. For example, if you're growing marijuana for commercial purposes, you must take note of how much yield certain specie produces per harvest. It is also necessary to do extra research about other requirements that your target specie might require in order to deliver the promised results. Once all these considerations have been carefully weighed in then you can finally decide which seed will best work for you. Naturally, marijuana species that grow near the equator produce a larger yield. This is because marijuana plants do well in sunlight and warm weather. If you prefer to work with this type of variety, you will need to simulate the same weather condition in order to get the same yield. One of the best ways to do this is to build a greenhouse where you can easily maintain the temperature and get the result that you want.
Choosing the most viable marijuana seed and sprouts
Now that the grow site has been chosen and the kind of seeds to plant has been decided, you may start to sprout marijuana seeds. There are two methods you can choose from:
Directly planting to the soil
When planting directly into your grow location, make certain that you are planting credible seeds. How do you distinguish a good seed? You should check the seeds for cracks, deformities, and discolorations. If the seed is not that green, it means it is still too immature to plant. Use your thumb and gently squeeze the seeds to look for any cracks. Once all these tests and checking have been done you can finally proceed to plant.
When planting, get a pencil and poke the pencil point at about a half-inch or 1.5 cm into your soil. Put a seed into the fissure you made. Cover up the seed with soil and then water this with fertilizer mixture that is up to ¼ strength mixture. The fertilizer should contain high phosphorus (P) level. It would be better to mark where you placed this seed. Provide an interval or growing space between each seed, allow 3 feet or 90 cm square space per seed. This will prevents crowding of your marijuana plants as they grow. Water them every time the soil becomes dry. Drying out the marijuana plants will eventually damage them.
The first stems and the cotyledons should be out in the first week. Just keep watering them whenever the soil dries out. In the second week, you will notice the first spikes nodes of leaves. If you plan to sprout your seeds in a paper towel, these steps should be followed:
Use a flat pan covered with several layers of paper towels (at least three layers of paper towels) then, moist these towels so you can place the marijuana seeds on it.
Cover them again with three layers of paper towels.
Once you are finished, cover this with plastic wrap and set it somewhere warm and dark.
Check them daily for new sprouts and make sure the towels are moist.
If you see root shoots with the length of ¼ of an inch or a centimeter long, you can put them into your Jiffy-pots.
Make sure the Jiffy- pots are filled with the right quality soil, which your marijuana plant can mature in. This will avoid a shock to the seedlings upon transplanting them.
With the use of a pencil, make a hole in the soil of about ¾ of an inch of 2 cm into your soil.
Place soil loosely over the sprout and water them gently with a ¼ concentration of fertilizer containing phosphorus.
Do not leave them dry and within a week, you will finally notice the cotyledon. You will notice after two weeks the spiked nodes coming out of the seedling.
From seedlings to the early detection of their gender
Once your marijuana plants start showing their first to second spiked nodes you may stop using fertilizers. Your plants don’t need fertilizers during this stage. Keeping the plant hydrated is more crucial during this stage so be sure to water them every day.
Here are some measures that you can take in order to help your marijuana seedlings survive this phase:
This stage is crucial that your main concern is to protect the seedlings from possible predators that will most likely eat them so take necessary steps in keeping animals away.
Make sure that there is no mold or fungus growing on your baby marijuana plants. If you see infected ones, remove them immediately.
Avoid shaking the infected plants when trying to remove them from the lot so that spores will no longer spread among the healthy marijuana plants. If there were spores that were scattered, they could wipe out your entire crop.
If you use Jiffy-pots, you have to wait until you already have four sets of the spiked nodes before moving them to their permanent home.
Place the Jiffy-pots into the soil directly and cover, then water them after. This step allows the breaking down of the pot while the marijuana roots penetrate the soil as they grow.
You can fertilize those marijuana baby plants if they show about 6 to 7 spiked nodes. Fertilize with the complete 20/20/20 package.
You can also fertilize with a different mixture just as long as Nitrogen (N), Potassium (K), and Phosphorus (P) are in the blend.
Since this is the stage when your marijuana baby plants are beginning to be sexed, make use of black garbage bags to provide the baby plants with and even 12-hour exposure to light and then 12 more hours’ exposure to only the darkness.
The next three weeks will be the time when the male marijuana plants will demonstrate the growth of their buds as seen at the end of the branches.
The female marijuana plants will demonstrate the same growth. The difference is that their buds consist of two, small, white hairs at the end of it.
Remove all the make marijuana plants so that you have an entire garden of female marijuana plants, which will provide you with abundant yield during harvest time.
Remove the black trash bag from the female marijuana plants so the growth cycle will begin.
What is vegetative growth?
Thankfully, your marijuana plants are already established once you reach this stage. Watering them every time the soil dries at about 3 inches or 7.5 cm below the surface will prevent dehydration.
Cautiously apply insecticides, especially, after rainstorms and if needed. You can give another dose of fertilizer every three or four weeks.
If your marijuana plants are abundantly getting sunlight exposure as well as nutrients, a 2 inch or 5 cm growth daily is evident. If you feel that their growth is slowing down, you may want to check the nutrient table on the fertilizer package and see if there are deficient of an important nutritional element. Take control of giving fertilizer to your marijuana plants or they can over-fertilized. You can check the pH levels of your plants every month to ensure that it is well maintained.
It is of normal range if you have a reading of 6.2. Do not let it go below this point. If the pH level is way too low, water your marijuana plants with wood ashes, so the pH level will elevate to 6.5. The roots of your marijuana plants may not be functioning well, so you may need to spray the nutrient solution directly to the leaves of the marijuana plant. However, you must decrease the fertilizer concentration to half when employing this method. Regulate the spray bottle to a super fine mist and spray this from 5 am to 9 am. This is the time when the leaves’ stomata are open which the best time of the day to absorb the nutrients sprayed on them. In the later part of the day, the leaves’ stomata are already closed so the plants can’t absorb the nutrients anymore.
Coat the marijuana leaves with nutrient solution twice a week, so the plants can absorb adequate amounts of nutrients. Wash your plants with water the day after spraying nutrients to prevent any leftover nutrients from causing any harm.
Pruning is a good idea at this point. The more frequent you prune, the more the plants will branch out. This keeps the marijuana plants smaller and easy to blend with their environment. Note that not all marijuana plants can be pruned. So better find out which variety can be pruned and see if your plants belong to this group. Some enthusiastic marijuana growers do not prune their crops. They have the belief that pruning will cause slow growth in plants. It was contradicted by research stating that pruning marijuana plants gently will actually produce higher yields. With the use of a clean and sharp pair of scissors, you can cut each of the branches, but you must not cut more than 6 inches or 15 cm.
The Flowering Stage
Keeping marijuana plants in darkness can trigger the flowering stage. Most of the marijuana plants respond better to 12 hours of sunlight exposure and 12 hours of darkness. Caution is taken when the marijuana plant is on its 12-hour schedule of darkness. No light should reach the plants during this time, even if it is just a flashlight. This will result in plants going back to the vegetative stage. In order to eliminate any mistake during this crucial period, you must do your visits only during the 12-hour sunlight period.
Never use insecticide during the flowering stage of growth or the final product will be compromised. If possible stop administering fertilizer as well for the same reason. If you really need to fertilize, you can use only ¼ strength of the fertilizer 15/30/15 mixture. This will allow plants to absorb phosphorus (P), which is needed during the flowering stage.
Drying and harvest time
Seeing the marijuana plants’ buds and resin means that you did good and efficient work. You are finally ready to harvest when you see that ¾ of the pistil hairs of the marijuana has turned white to brown. With the use of a magnifying glass, look for the resin crystals in the marijuana leaves. If you see that the crystals are amber, it is now time to cut them. However, if the crystals are still clear, they are not yet ready for cutting. If the color of the crystal is brown, you missed harvest time and about to lose the potency of the plant. You will need backpacks and bags in harvesting the marijuana plants so you can easily carry your harvest to your drying location.
Set the branches you cut in a paper bag. Remove the large leaves and leave them on the site. Be very careful not to shake the harvested marijuana plants to prevent the displacement of the resin crystals. When you reach home, put the harvested marijuana plants in a container and leave them for a while.
Check the marijuana plants twice a day and remove the marijuana leaves that have molds. Take out the harvested marijuana plants from the paper bag and loosely spread them to finish drying. Set aside the marijuana buds in a dark place for three weeks because THC is degraded by light.
After three weeks, remove the buds together with the leaves, which are covered in huge amounts of resin. Place the almost dried out leaves on a newspaper and set it somewhere in a dry and warm place.
In the last week, the stems at this point can be broken down by your fingers and will be the final product of your harvest!
GROWING YOUR MARIJUANA PLANTS IN A GARDEN OR GREENHOUSE
Where do you prefer to grow your marijuana plants, indoors or outdoors? The natural choice is outdoors. Natural is always the best way to go with everything. The sunlight being all-natural is free compared to artificial lighting, which can be expensive. Marijuana plants exposed in sunlight produce better quality yield.
Growing marijuana plants outdoors can resolve various efficiency issues such as;
No light leakage going into the room.
High electricity bills.
Another way to grow marijuana is to grow them in a greenhouse. Growing marijuana in a greenhouse allows you to enjoy the benefits of both indoors and outdoors growing. This allows your marijuana plants to enjoy natural sunlight without compromising protection from destructive animals like deer, chipmunks, and rodents.
Growing marijuana outdoors without establishing protection from various interventions like bugs, rainstorms, strong winds, or other uncontrollable forces of nature will make it difficult for you to succeed. This is the reason why growers who do not wish to bother with these problems grow their marijuana plants in a greenhouse.
For those who do not have the option of growing marijuana in a greenhouse, setting up a stable with a reliable perimeter fence should do. Frequent visits to your growing location should allow you to easily assess the other needs of your plants in order to keep them secure and healthy. Aside from monitoring the needs of your plants, your frequent visits should also give you the time to regularly water your plants.
If your marijuana plants are in your backyard, be sure to enforce privacy. You must be able to protect yourself and your plants from the prying eyes of your neighbors. Geographically speaking, up north is not an ideal growing location because of the less sunlight. A successful harvest is usually the result of 8 to 12 hours of sunlight every day, so growing marijuana plants in areas with little to no sunlight can be challenging.
Here are some tips regarding geographical factors that you must consider:
The south side of the terrain gives more sunlight.
The east and the west side give high-quality morning sun
The eastern and western exposures have afternoon options for you.
Almost all marijuana growers and books about marijuana plants agree that the morning sun is preferred in giving out the best end product from your harvest. Remember this when finding a growing site for your marijuana plants.
If you grow your marijuana plants in a greenhouse, you can do something to disguise it into something else, maybe a tool shed or the like. You can choose some materials like:
You can use techniques in hiding your greenhouse; one way is to paint it a metal shed. You can even make it look like it has been there for quite some time so that it will not attract attention.
Build a structure in a way that the plants will have full access to the sunlight and evade people. You can have your greenhouse whitewash so that the sunlight will make it to your marijuana plants Use epoxy resin to tint the greenhouse; you may use white or even light gray epoxy as an accent. Remember to use a moderate amount, so the sun can still get through to your marijuana plants.
If you are uncertain of the soil quality you have in your greenhouse, just dig an opening that you will fill up with the right soil for this task. Most of the marijuana growers have no idea about the quality of the soil in their backyard so you better not leave this to chance.
Going for natural ground soil or pots
A concern is raised because of a slight difference between marijuana plants grown from pots, which grow about 5 feet or 1.5 meters, and a plant grown directly on land soil that towers up to 10 feet or 3 meters. Marijuana plants are grown in the ground there will have no issue with regards to root binding, the only problem is they grow so high. These marijuana plants will become taller and wider so it is better to give some space if they expand in the future. The marijuana plants once planted can no longer be transferred to a different location so make sure that your location is suitable for all the needs of your plant.
Another option in planting marijuana is to dig a hole, and then set down the pot with the plant. This can help decrease the plant’s height so it won’t be too noticeable. This will assist you in addressing the issue of your marijuana plant outgrowing the perimeter fence you made. Like most marijuana growers, you would want your marijuana plants to easily be transferred in case of emergency situations such as unexpected inspections of your property or unwanted guests. There should be a way for you to hide them so they stay hidden until it is safe.
Growing marijuana in the wild
What you should consider if you grow your marijuana plants out there in the wild are the following:
A water source is important because this is the lifeline of your marijuana plants. A healthy and clean water source should be provided to your marijuana plants in order for them to live until harvest time.
A higher terrain will be an advantage to you. Re-rerouting water sources near your location to a higher terrain ill help keep your plants from any unwanted attention.
You can also utilize a 5-gallon or 20-liter can. Punch some small holes in it and then bury it near your marijuana plants. This can be your water supply storage. You may want to keep it hidden below the ground so it won’t attract any attention.
Check the quality of the soil as this will serve as your plant's base in order to thrive.
Protection of your marijuana plants from animals and other insects.
A SIMPLE GUIDE TO GROWING MARIJUANA OUTDOORS
Growing marijuana plants outdoors involve a lot of pros and cons, which can greatly affect the quality and the amount of yield you can produce at the end of the growing season.
The topics to be discussed here include choosing the right seeds, finding the right location, the risks, soil preparation, the right time to plant the marijuana varieties, weeding your marijuana plants, the male marijuana plants, being extra cautious every time and the much-awaited harvest time.
Thorough knowledge of the little, as well as the big things, will be your instrument in some expected issues and anticipating the unexpected ones to be able to intervene if unlikely things happen. This will go a long way in keeping you on track with your plans and establish your goal of a bountiful harvest.
Which marijuana seed strain will work best for you?
The first thing to do if you want to grow marijuana plants is to get hold of high-quality seeds. The common varieties in Jamaica or Columbia like the Sativa will not provide the same yield as those grown in a northern latitude. This is because of the late-season bud production. The bud growth rate is minimized, during the time marijuana buds stop growing because of frost in the areas in the United States.
The Sativa species of the marijuana plant commonly grow much quicker than the Indica species and the Indica-Sativa hybrid. Marijuana growers from the southern side are a little successful in crossbreeding the Sativa species with the Indica. This resulted in a hybrid Sativa species, which produces marijuana buds a little bit earlier.
Marijuana growers should be looking for marijuana buds from October to February so they are quite prepared for the coming season in March. This way, the marijuana growers are preparing and gathering information on the marijuana seeds that are available.
Always be sure that you buy marijuana seeds that are most reliable and of high reputation considering that this is the most important factor in planting marijuana.
Use a trail to blend in your marijuana plants
Trails will help you blend your marijuana plants into their natural environment. Like all facts in life, this is easier said than it is done. You should look for an environment that has dense undergrowth and a whole lot of direct sunlight. This will facilitate faster growth of your crops while continuing to hide damages caused to the vegetation during springtime and summertime. If you’re growing location is on an open plain sight, then you have to make sure that your trails are woven in a way that your marijuana plants will blend in.
The two worst things that you have to look out for are: one, getting your marijuana plant stolen and a second is a person of authority finding out your plants. Since hikers are likely to trace your trail, it is best to plant them where they can remain hidden. Planning your trail in advance can help you anticipate possible problems, allowing you to take necessary precautions before you actually execute the plan.
Looking for the appropriate growing site for your marijuana plants
Now that you have the right marijuana seeds, locating the best growing site will be your next step. What is the most appropriate location for your marijuana plants? The following are the top locations for your grow site:
Grasslands – This is one of the top location sites that marijuana growers select. Grasslands with bushes or small trees revealing a beautiful landscape.
Abandoned farmland – this farm should have no crops as of the moment you find it in the last decade.
A flood plain – is another right spot with a river or stream, but there is the risk of losing your marijuana plantation to flooding is the downside of this location.
For those marijuana growers who are located in rocky terrain, they have the option to grow their marijuana plants in a bucket or container suitable for plants. This is beneficial in finding the right spot for the marijuana plants where there is abundant sunlight, even if the place does not have good soil.
Locations where there are sticker bushes to make your marijuana plants stay hidden. The sticker bushes grow tall enough to hide the marijuana crops. They also deter animals as well as people from going beyond these sticker bushes.
Marijuana growers also use animals or insects to deter people from coming in and exposing their marijuana crops. Some of these animals or insects that may be used to deter people from your marijuana plantation:
The marijuana plantation site should have good soil and a water source plus an abundant sunlight exposure and a reliable cover for the plants. It may take time to find the right spot and good soil quality. If for example, you were not able to find these factors like good soil in the ground, you may consider bringing your own quality soil. A bad type of soil will only entail a bad harvest. Bringing in your own quality soil will increase the chances of a good harvest.
Established grasslands usually have high-quality soil, which is why they also offer a better harvest. A grassland for the site of a marijuana plantation helps move the nutrients in the soil, which leaves a thick layer of organic and quality soil materials.
Finding grassland will make it easier to prepare for plantation, but other soil sources will need some work. Here are a few tips regarding the types of soil you have options of selecting:
Sand type of soil will require some potting or topsoil and lime to increase fertility.
Soil with a blend of clay will need some other materials to break them up like peat moss.
Never plant along a roadway because the quality of soil will not produce any good product and will be your last result as a grow site.
The water source is just as important as the soil in carrying out your plan to set up your marijuana plantation. A water source should be very near the plantation. It is discouraged to transport the water to the plantation a this will only leave a trail leading to the plants. The difficulty will worsen, especially during summertime when the plants need the most watering.
First, the most threatening of this activity is the risk of being seen by the law enforcers. Secondly, is the possibility of destroying the crops if walk through them with the water containers. You should refrain from coming to your crops on a regular basis to stay hidden. But you need to be certain that your marijuana plants get direct sunlight daily of about 5 quality hours particularly the morning sunlight.
As mentioned in the previous topics, all marijuana plants respond better to morning sunlight. If you scout a location for your marijuana plants in winter, envision the number of trees that will be needed to hide the grow location. Keep in mind the combination of the abundance of the light sources and the concealment from unwanted guests who may steal away your marijuana plants or who can be calling the authorities.
You need a cover that will be taller than the marijuana plants and thick to keep out people. Sticker bushes will be useful in accomplishing this goal. If in case, sticker bushes are not available, plants with a height of 6 to 8 feet or 180 to 240 cm by the time fall comes will suffice. Your location should be far enough that people will no longer afford to wander towards it. You can also hide or blend in the marijuana plants with some other similar plants.
Marijuana growers commonly practice setting your marijuana plants on the southern side of the area. Aside from evading people, marijuana plants will reap the advantage of abundant light exposure on the south side. You can also trim your marijuana plants under 3 feet or 90 cm height. You may trim them or tie the plants down to maintain a smaller bush.
Also, watch out for locations that already have small plants as the quality of soil in this type of location may not be good. If you are ready to plant your marijuana crops outdoors, then you must master how to make them blend in their natural surroundings.
Soil preparations are done in early March to middle April with the climate as the basis. We highly recommend you to purchase 18 kilos or 40 lbs of organic soil and mix this with your present soil at your selected grow location. It may take your time to find the right quality soil, but it will be worth is when harvest time comes. Potting soil should be placed on topsoil for the enhancement of the soil quality making it richer. This will all be worthwhile when harvest time comes.
A few little reminders for the different condition of your soil:
If in case the soil you have is quite acidic, pour some lime in your blend.
If you have clay in the soil, add the reliable peat moss.
Avoid chemical fertilizers due to the amount of toxic waste is created when fertilizer companies make these fertilizers.
The benefit of organic agriculture is way better than the unnatural type.
Planting marijuana from April to Early May
There are a number of ways to plant a brand new marijuana crop.
Option 1: The marijuana plant seed intensive method of planting
This option works if you have a great supply of seeds that you want to plant. You can plant seeds in a small growing location. A small location will minimize the risk because all that you need is just the reach of a hand.
Plant the marijuana seeds in about ½ inch or 1.5 cm deep; except in clay soil, which should be ¼ inch or 0.5 cm only. If your growing location allows you to set a 3’ x 3’ square, now you can plant at least three rows per seed every 1.5 inches or 3.5 cm.
There will be a total of 72 marijuana seeds planted in this specific area. It is not a common practice for marijuana growers to have this abundant supply of marijuana seeds, especially for beginners.
Crowding of the marijuana seeds is expected and half of these plants will be male so trimming will be necessary before the season ends. By trimming at the said time, the female marijuana plants will grow intensely resulting in higher yields. Option 1, the intensive method of marijuana planting creates a smaller plant but ensures the harvest every season. This option is ideal because aerial cameras will not easily detect it. If you utilize marijuana on a regular basis, you will be rewarded with a yearlong amount of harvest. If you are just doing this for a project or a hobby, one site will do just fine.
Option 2: Planting small marijuana seedlings
There are pros and cons to this option as compared to option 1. Here you get to plant seeds at home first and then transport it before it grows bigger. Some see marijuana seedlings planted at home as the best option because you get to choose which to plant.
Option 3: Planting female marijuana crops.
Planting “female only” marijuana plants have the benefit of producing marijuana buds. If your plant reaches the height of 4 inches or 10 cm, the gender of the marijuana plant can be identified. You simply have to reduce the light exposure to 8 hours a day. In just two weeks, you will find out which are the male ones in your plants. Full control of the light exposure to your marijuana plants, then you will be able to start early in the month of March.
Another benefit of option 3 is that you can plant small marijuana plants in big areas, which leave your plants unnoticed. For instance, if you use 24 female marijuana plants on a 10-acre or 4-hectare farm, this will nearly assure you of a great harvest.
What is difficult on using option 3 is locating where you place your marijuana plants by the end of each season. To solve this, have a map handy and plotting where the marijuana plants were planted. However, you have to safely keep this map so it would not fall into the wrong hands.
Removing the weeds around your marijuana plants
In three weeks from the time you initially planted your marijuana crops; you should return to your growing site and get rid of all the weeds that crowd your new seedlings. You should again come back after a week to weed again. You may do this again in the next three weeks, but you are not required to. The weeding schedule of your marijuana plantation will entirely depend on how much weeds grow in your chosen area. On occasions, you must weed these marijuana plants during the entire growing season. Again, this will all depend on the frequency of your visits and how much they grow big in what amount of time.
Some of the weeds will be of help in concealing your marijuana plants so you must leave some and not cut them all. Just maintain a distance of 3 feet or 90 cm from your plant radius. Again, this is to deter onlookers as well as animals. Some vegetation near the marijuana plants will help hold the moisture in the soil which saves you water. When trying to remove the weeds of around your marijuana plants, take extra care not to pull out the roots of your plants.
Separating the male marijuana plants from the female ones
It is not necessary for those who already have all-female marijuana plants in their plantation to read on, otherwise, the following information will be useful.
Male marijuana plants are beginning to produce flowers as well as pollen in the middle of July if in case your marijuana specie is acclimated already to the climate they are in. Many of the marijuana plant varieties start to flower in the middle of September, which is also dependent on how long the budding cycle of the marijuana species you have. Some marijuana plants bud earlier than others while some species bud later on. You have to closely watch your marijuana plants to be certain if you are just a beginner in growing marijuana. If you are able to identify the male ones from the female marijuana plant, the harvest will turn out better for you.
If for some reason you already missed the early flowering phase of your marijuana plants, you will end up with the abundant number of marijuana seeds then you are expecting a harvest of the marijuana herb. You may observe the following:
The female marijuana plants turn out a large bud but are totally seedless
The female marijuana plants turn out few seeds only
The female marijuana plants turn out a large, but with plentiful seeds.
However, if you remove all the male marijuana plants prior to the opening of their flowers, the result will be to generate you with seedless marijuana buds.
Now if you notice only a few male flowers to open and then take most of them away, you will end up with only a few seeds. Missing the opening of the flowers of the male marijuana plants will result in abundant seed supply. You will then lose a possible 90% of the marijuana plant you can possibly smoke if you permit the female plants to seed this way. The advantage of this is that you are supplied with many seeds for your next plantation.
You can allow a couple of plants to go through this per season so you have a stock of seeds every year and save on the cost of purchasing the seeds you need. Explaining the differences between the male plants from the female plant is not easy. The male plants of the marijuana varieties are difficult to compare but it is easier to tell the difference by taking a look at the buds forming on the top part of the plant. It is the same as the female-only the female’s buds have white hairs coming out of the bud.
Fungus or mold formation and your marijuana plants
There are quite a few issues to overcome when it comes to growing marijuana plants. The usual issues to face are:
Law enforcement detection
The fungus is like a thief that will just steal away your marijuana plants without you knowing it if you are not observant enough. What is a bud rot? Bud rot is also known as Botrytis cinerea or the grey mold. Bud rot is a common fungus of the underdeveloped marijuana buds that kills the vital parts of your marijuana crops. If your marijuana plantation ends up with fungus infection, you will not reap any harvest at all.
The bud rot thrives at a temperature of 60 to 80 degrees Fahrenheit or 16 to 27 degrees Celsius in high humidity. If the bud rot is given an opportunity to hit your plants, it can spread very fast and destroys all plants in its path.
The said fungus can spread through the wind its spores and is impossible to stop even if you prevent its growth in the first place. That is why when you see it starting to infect one of your plants, isolate the infected bud or the whole branch from the whole plant or you risk the entire crop to be infected and lose your harvest. Although doing this will not give any guarantee that you have saved the whole plantation.
You can take this infected bud or branch and try your crop out in advance. The issue of fungus infecting your marijuana plants is one of the many reasons a careful watch should be done every now and then on your marijuana plants. Make certain to be careful in removing the fungus or you might unknowingly drop some spores on another healthy branch and restart the infection. It is also a possibility to spread the fungus through your hands and the same result, start another fungal infection.
Keeping a watchful eye on your marijuana plants
The two industries, which are the construction and the real estate business, are working together to stumble upon your marijuana plantation so you should keep a watchful eye against the people who could be lurking around your crops.
Hurricanes, as well as tornado both natural disasters, are also to look out for through the current news and weather journal. These disasters bring a heavy downpour of rain and strong gusty winds that can damage your plantation.
Drought is also something to anticipate and find ways to intervene when they arise. Although, we are saying to keep a watchful eye on your plantation, minimizing visitations to your plantation is still a way to go. Keeping an eye on your marijuana plants will pay off during harvest time. The care and the attention you give your marijuana plants will be ever so rewarding in the end.
Harvest time should be done during nighttime
Nighttime harvest reduces the risk of being caught carrying the freshly harvested marijuana leaves. Synchronizing the time of harvest to the time when the police change their shift will increase the possibility of a smooth harvest! If it is possible, avoid the use of a flashlight or any bright light that is so as not to attract any unnecessary attention to what you are plotting. You have to be ready by bringing batteries in case you need to use a flashlight. A small pocketknife will be very handy, easier, and quicker if you have little to harvest. If you do not have any plants of cooking the big fan marijuana leaves, do not bring them anymore to save on space.
Now if you have a number of varieties, bring along different bags to place everything inside and label each of the bags. A backpack will be useful in carrying everything. They will be less conspicuous when you walk around the plantation field.
The perfect time to harvest your marijuana plants
Each of the marijuana plants involves different factors to consider when will be the perfect time to harvest your marijuana crops. These include the following:
The marijuana bud development
The marijuana varieties you planted owing to the various maturity rates they entail
Location is also included because, in some latitudes, marijuana plants mature quicker.
The indica species are required to be gathered in September while October is the month when all the other species are harvested. If there is a presence of a bad frost through the local news, you will have to do your harvest earlier than scheduled so your marijuana plants will avoid harm or damage. Harvesting earlier than expected is also a result of the opposite weather because of the extremely hot temperature risking your marijuana plants to fungus growth, which will wind up in a damaged plantation.
There is also the threat of being found out by nosy people leading you to harvest earlier or risk losing the whole harvest. Take the necessary precaution in harvesting early. Hunters wandering around the area can also be an attribute to you being caught during harvest. The cold weather can also make you want to harvest early. You will be able to keep updated through the Internet regarding the weather, local and international.
If you overlook the first frost and bring damages to your marijuana plants, you can still make use of something, although not as full as it was supposed to be. When balancing when the perfect time to harvest is not an easy thing to do, but with practice like every skill known will make you an expert in time.
Consider the factors that are important pointers to remember during harvest time:
Marijuana plant varieties – What are the ones that mature faster than other varieties?
Local weather – What are the current or near-future predictions?
Marijuana bud size - Is it what you expected?
Site location – Is it too far a trip to make
The perfect time to harvest any marijuana plants in the Northeastern latitudes is during late September all throughout the middle of October.
If you are growing marijuana plants which is not adapted to the Northeastern latitude like that of the Sativa, the marijuana plant should be left alone until late October until mid-November if the weather allows you to do it.
Avoid harvesting when the rain is pouring. The moisture that comes with harvesting during a rain pour will affect the drying procedure. The development of fungus is the last thing you want. The less moisture there is on the harvested plants; the better will be your end product.
Pick out a marijuana seed that will be adaptable to the weather your location has and the terrain as well. Otherwise, it will result in your marijuana plants that will never make it to harvest time. You may want to conduct some experiments to help learn the right ways to do and the time to do those steps.
Do not leave your harvested marijuana plants in the bag for too long, so you should have planned in advance the details of the drying process. Molds, as well as the fungus, will start to breed immediately if your harvested crops stayed longer than 12 hours in the bag.
Prepare your harvest by removing the marijuana fan leaves that you will not utilize together with the other big leaves. You can leave some of the big leaves in a drying room with a temperature of 85 degrees Fahrenheit or 29 degrees Celsius so they will not dry out immediately.
The basement, the attic, the closet, and the dresser drawers are the common places to be used as drying spots for your harvest. Proper circulation of air can be implemented by hanging the harvested marijuana plants upside down. This will also speed up the process of drying. Do not double stack your marijuana buds in a dresser or any confined spaces, as this will damage the bottom part of the buds.
Keep rotating the marijuana buds every day so the harvest uniformly dries up. Keep an eye for any fungus or molds signs. You can also hang the whole root ball of the marijuana plant upside down, but do not expect any effect of the quality of the yield. Besides, THC is created within the resin that serves as a coating for the marijuana buds and not in the roots.
It will take about 4 to 6 days to finish the drying process and this is dependent on the following factors:
The marijuana plant varieties you utilized
The temperature of the drying location
The humidity of the drying location
The size of the marijuana plants that you harvested
If you dry your marijuana buds very fast, there will be a noticeable harsh flavor of your end product leaving the THC not reaching its maximum potential. You will have the same result if you dry your marijuana plants way too slow. This happens through fungus and mold formation on your marijuana buds, which results in decreased potency and flavor.
Complete monitoring daily of the progress, whichever method you have used is a must. If the humidity levels are kept low, you may be able to dry out your harvest in a room maintained at room temperature. A heater or just a fan will be required if humidity is not low.